The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with 1.2 billion members. Catholic doctrine teaches that the Catholic Church was founded by Jesus Christ. It interprets the Confession of Peter as acknowledging Christ's designation of Apostle Peter and his successors to be the temporal head of his Church (Matthew 16:18 [NKJV] - And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.). The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. It operates social programs and institutions throughout the world, including Catholic schools, universities, hospitals, missions and shelters, as well as charities such as Catholic Relief Services and Caritas that help families, the poor, the elderly and the sick.

Distribution of Catholics in the World

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther, a German reformer. Lutheranism advocates a doctrine of justification "by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone," which went against the Roman view of "faith formed by love" or "faith and works". Unlike the Reformed Churches, Lutherans retain a high respect for the authority of the Church Fathers, as well as many of the liturgical practices and sacramental teachings of the pre-Reformation Church, with a particular emphasis on the Eucharist, or Lord's Supper. The Lutheran World Federation estimates the total number of Lutherans, which includes non-LWF member churches, at approximately 75 million. Catechism is considered basic in most Lutheran churches. Almost all maintain Sunday Schools, and some host or maintain Lutheran schools, at the preschool, elementary, middle, high school, folk high school, or university level.

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Baptists are Christians who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and that it must be done by immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Historians trace the earliest church labeled "Baptist" back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with English Separatist John Smyth as its pastor. In accordance with his reading of the New Testament, he rejected baptism of infants and instituted baptism only of believing adults. The Baptist World Alliance reports more than 41 million members in more than 150,000 congregations. Baptist churches can be found in Western, Central and Southern Africa, Indonesia, Oceania, India, Pakistan, Southeastern and Eastern Asia, Europe, Eurasia, Middle East, Barbados, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Canada, Mexico, U.S.A, and Central and Southern South America.


The Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley. George Whitefield and John's brother Charles Wesley were also significant leaders in the movement. It originated as a revival within the 18th-century Church of England and became a separate Church following Wesley's death. Methodism is characterized by its emphasis on helping the poor and the average person, it’s very systematic approach to building the person, and the "church" and its missionary spirit. These ideals are put into practice by the establishment of hospitals, universities, orphanages, soup kitchens, and schools to follow Jesus' command to spread the Good News and serve all people. This resulted in the Methodist church spreading to every corner of the world. ­The Methodist Church has approximately 75 million members.


Presbyterianism is a branch of Reformed Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles. Presbyterian theology typically emphasizes the sovereignty of God, the authority of the Scriptures, and the necessity of grace through faith in Christ. Presbyterians distinguish themselves from other denominations by doctrine, institutional organization (or "church order") and worship; often using a "Book of Order" to regulate common practice and order. The Presbyterian Church has roughly 40 million members.


Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through the baptism with the Holy Spirit. It is distinguished by belief in the baptism with the Holy Spirit as an experience separate from conversion that enables a Christian to live a Holy Spirit–filled and empowered life. This empowerment includes the use of spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues and divine healing—two other defining characteristics of Pentecostalism. There are over 279 million Pentecostals worldwide, and the movement is growing in many parts of the world, especially the global south.


The Charismatic Movement is the international trend of historically mainstream congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostals. Charismatic Christians believe that the gifts of the Holy Spirit as described in the New Testament are available to contemporary Christians through the infilling or baptism of the Holy Spirit, with-or-without the laying on of hands. These spiritual gifts are believed to be manifest in the form of signs, miracles, and wonders, including, but not limited to, speaking in tongues, interpretation of tongues, prophecy, healing, and discernment of spirits. There are about 80 million charismatics in this world